Corgi Developmental Stages and Puppy Culture
What is Puppy Culture?
Puppy Culture is a program for breeders to follow during the first weeks of a puppy’s life. Breeders have the ability to change the outcome of the puppy’s life during this time by doing the right things at the right time. The Puppy Culture program identifies the developmental stages of puppies and identifies practices to follow during these times. Yes, it DOES require a great deal of time and a commitment on our part but the rewards are unbelievable. By using this program we give your puppy the best start possible. Please note that the practices outlined below are general. We look at developmental markers in the puppies to tell us when to proceed to the next set of enrichment activities, not age.
The week prior to birth
We move our expecting mother to a whelping room where she is by herself in a calm stress-free environment. She gets lots of attention and belly rubs during this time. We make this time as stress-free for mom and babies as possible.
Studies show that the physical and emotional health of the mother will affect the health of her puppies. Puppies are able to respond to the touch of mom’s belly being rubbed late in pregnancy. Studies show that loving on a pregnant mom results in puppies that are more docile and enjoy being touched as adults.
Puppies are born with their eyes and ears closed. They are helpless and can not regulate their own body temperature or eliminate on their own. They only respond to warmth, touch and smell. We ensure that they are warm and eating.
Every day we weigh each puppy to make sure that they are growing and getting enough food from mom. If they are not gaining weight we will supplement them with a bottle. We love on our babies cuddling and petting on each one daily.
Starting on day 3 and continuing through day 16, each puppy receives Early Neurological Training (ENS). These exercises are part of the Bio Sensor or Super Dog Program developed by the U.S. Military’s canine program. Puppies undergo a period of rapid neurological growth and development during this time and studies show that puppies that undergo ENS have an improved heart rate, stronger heart beats, stronger adrenal glands, are more tolerant to stress and have a greater resistance to disease. In learning tests, puppies that received ENS were more active and exploratory, made fewer errors and thus dominated in competitive situations. These puppies were also calmer when placed in stressful situations.
We continue performing ENS exercises, cuddling, petting and weighing each puppy daily. Puppies are introduced to tactile objects.
Eyes and ears open this week but sight and hearing are still limited. They begin to toddle around and play. Communicating with each other through little barks and growls normally begins at this time.
This is a big week for the puppies. They are transitioning from helpless babies to learning about the world around them. During this week, we start exposing puppies to something new every day, whether it be a new toy, surface, sound or experience. They learn about drinking milk from a saucer and mushy food and we begin teaching them to come when called. Grooming training starts this week with nail trimming.
At the end of the week, we begin teaching recovery from fear or bounce back. This entails exposing puppies to new noises such as a vacuum cleaner, slamming doors, dropped pans and new toy sounds. Normally they recover from the startling sound very fast and go on playing. We introduce a new sound every day.
Every day we take out each puppy and work with them individually for short periods of time on touch-sensitive areas like their ears, paws, and mouth. We add a bed and potty area to the whelping crate and potty training begins. They learn where to sleep and where to potty.
We continue to cuddle, pet and love on each puppy and continue to enrich their environment by adding a new experience, texture or toy each day.
It is a full time job cleaning up after them but the cleaner the pen the easier it is to potty train them.
This is another big week for the puppies as we move from the whelping box to a weaning pen where we continue to work on potty training to a litter box area. We continue to work on recall, introduce them to new sounds and experiences daily.
Puppies master the puppy call when fed. They are eating mushy food well by this point and we begin asking them to problem-solve. They learn to figure out things on their own and learn to deal with frustration. We also start positive reinforcement clicker training this week. Puppies start learning to communicate with us in an acceptable way by sitting or manding when they want something instead of jumping. Open door crates with a comfy bed are introduced so that babies learn that they are a safe comfy place to sleep.
We continue to work with puppies on an individual basis, continue handling and touching ears, paws and their mouths and work more on brushing and nail trimming. Puppies receive their first vaccination against parvo and distemper and are dewormed again this week. We continue to introduce new sounds and types of music as well as new surfaces and toys with different textures.
Puppies often undergo a fear period around 5 weeks old where they become afraid of things that they were not afraid of before. We watch them closely and make sure they feel safe when going through this period. They are cautiously exposed to new things during this time on a one by one basis.
Puppies are exposed to new surfaces such as gravel, grass, dirt, concrete and water as well as new items to interact with in their pen. Crates with a comfy bed remain in the pen and puppies we begin feeding puppies in crates. They have many new experiences this week like a blowing fan, bubbles and a tunnel.
We continue cuddle time, individual time, brushing, recall and potty training as well as exposing them to new surfaces and sounds. Individual pictures are taken this week so that the puppy picking can begin after vet checks.
This is about the time that puppies become highly curious about everything around them. We take advantage of this by introducing them to new experiences, new surfaces, and new items around them such as tunnels and ramps.
Puppies get their first car ride on the way to the vet. They receive vaccinations (5-way DAPPv and Bordatella), are dewormed and are thoroughly checked by our veterinarian.
Individual crate training starts this week and puppies are exposed to bigger dogs other than their mother and cats. We make notes on the temperament of each puppy and personality test if needed. This information is used to help buyers select the right puppy for their family.
We start matching puppies with their new owners when we feel that we have an idea of each puppy’s personality. People on our waiting list will select their puppy first. Since we know their personalities, we will help you to make sure that you find the right puppy to fit your family and lifestyle. New owners need to work on purchasing all necessary supplies, finding a veterinarian, and puppy-proofing the house.
Puppies continue working on politely asking for things, problem-solving, and recall. They continue to experience a new sound and experience daily. This is the week that we begin working on curbing resource guarding and continue body desensitizing.
Individual crate training with the doors on, potty training and leash training are focused on this week. We continue to expose the puppies with new enriching activities such as scent games and food puzzles. Microchipping is performed and we continue to match the right puppy with the right home this week.
We continue working on preventing behavior issues such as resource guarding this week. We also work on managing nipping and heeling and advanced manding. Leash training begins this week and work on eye contact and attention. Individual crate training continues and babies learn to ask and mand when they need out of the crate.
New owners need to log into our Buyer Resource area on the website and look at our guide to make bringing home your puppy as easy as possible. Feel free to download pictures of your puppy.
We will make sure that new owners receive contracts and invoices. Please read it thoroughly, let us know if you have questions, sign and send it back. We also need to finalize pick or delivery plans at this time.
Puppies often undergo a second fear period around 8 weeks old where once again they become afraid of things that they were not afraid of before. We continue to work but watch them closely and make sure they feel safe when going through this period. This is why we do not let our puppies leave this week.
We continue working with each puppy and get them ready to go to their new homes. Most puppies are well on their way to becoming house trained and will use a litter box, pee pads or grass. They have learned the basics of clicker training, walk on a loose leash and love spending time in a crate. They have been desensitized to numerous sounds, touch, and textures. They know how to ask for things politely and will sit or “mand” when they want something instead of jumping and come when called.
We will finalize all arrangements and paperwork this week. New buyers need to make final payments and we email receipts to new buyers. We will help new owners register their dog’s microchip this week too.
Nails are trimmed again in preparation for leaving.
Puppies get a bath and final hugs from us and leave to go to their new homes.
As a new buyer, we hope that we have prepared you well for your next best friends’ arrival. Remember that we are always here to help you with your puppy and always there to answer questions.
We have grown very attached to your puppy so we like to stay in contact to make sure that things are going well. We love updates and pictures.